The article intends to provide an insight on the role of Indian jurisprudence and other national instruments in recognizing freedom of press as not only imperative, but also starkly more complex and debatable in a diverse nation like ours. It relates how consumerism and commercialization driven by technology and growing heterogeneous markets have affected its freedom, fairness and values. Demography, democracy and demand govern the media sphere and often lead to a lacuna in the greater good for the society. The article takes into account how political ideologies namely capitalism and communism have affected investigative journalism, growth of industry and participation of the masses taking into account the normative theories of press. Historically, press has served the elite dominant group interests having social and capitalistic muscle. The problem of collusion and bias in news selection is global in nature. The paper expresses key pointers how democracy as an institution affects the functioning of press. The paper deciphers role of media in investigative journalism thereby reasoning its crucial consequences through various cases.
There are three concluding understandings from the quantitative and qualitative data that the research finds: non-western democracies have seen dysfunctional freedom of press, where democracy is worked as the best political system it has been prone to quick corruption, freedom of press has been limited to the elite and the commoners have to fight hard to penetrate legal and bureaucratic layers. Read More